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The WoLakota Learning Model reminds us:

  1. Being is placed ahead of all perceived Doings

  2. Listen deeply to a Being to come to know that Being by his or her own definitions

  3. Doings (the naming, the stories, the values, accomplishments, etc. of others) are heard and appreciated as the wisdom of fellow Beings

  4. Sharing deeply the truth of my own Doings (names, stories, values, accomplishments, etc.) comes in response to deep listening and with the goal of mutual understanding



"Seek first to understand, then to be understood." — Stephen R. Covey

"Opening yourself to another worldview will assist you in understanding what occurs both in and outside of native communities." --Lakota Elder Dottie LeBeau
OSEU Four Song by Elder Earl Bullhead
Sinakaki Hewakiye
(The covering of the camp circle)

Sinakake heakiye titapedo
(The covering) (Shaped like a horn)
Sinakaki hewakiye tiapedo
(The covering) (Shaped like a horn)
Sinakaki hewakiye tiapedo
(The covering) (Shaped like a horn)
Sinakaki hewakiye tiapedo heyeyedo
(The covering) (Shaped like a horn)
Nitakhoda kodakapedo kapedo he wastepedo
(Your friend) (Friend they mean you) (It’s good)
Khoda kudhiyuwo isiwanincedo heyeyeyo
(Friend) (Come on down) (There’s no pay)

Free Translation: The Tipi’s (wakeya Ikceya) covers adorn the camp circle and all the families are in their rightful spots. Your friend is being mentioned and his name is being called upon; come down, we do these things for the people. (E. Bullhead 2012)



OSEU Four Audio Interviews


OSEU Four Interviews (video plus Learning Questions)
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OSEU Four: Stephanie Charging Eagle



Learn ABOUT(deep listening, information)
Learn FROM(deep sharing, transformation)
  1. What is the hunka ceremony?
  2. When and how do people decide to make a hunka relative?
  3. What does it mean to make a commitment?
  4. What does it mean when something is “sacred”?
  5. What does it mean when something is “spiritual”?
  1. What value is there in making “family” of people other than my blood relatives?
  2. What happens when people are committed ONLY to their own “blood” relatives?
  3. What people in my life might be “hunka relatives” in some way?
  4. What might it mean in my life to have a “sacred” or “spiritual” relationship with someone?
  5. Am I a person who makes and keeps commitments?
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OSEU Four: Faith Spotted Eagle



Learn ABOUT(deep listening, information)
Learn FROM(deep sharing, transformation)
  1. What’s the “Cultural Cup”?
  2. What’s the “Western Cup”?
  3. What’s the “Camp Circle”?
  4. What are the Societies?
  5. What has Ella DeLoria written?
  6. What does it mean to be considered “no one”?
  7. What is the Braveheart society?
  8. Why were the “secret societies” secret?
  9. Why do you bring something in return when you take something from nature?
  10. How did your answer from nature come? In what form?
  11. What does it mean to look to the 7th generation?
  12. What is “the trauma”?
  13. What is “food sovereignty”?
  14. What are the “seven rites”?
  15. What do the girls learn during the coming of age ceremony?
  16. Why did the coming of age ceremonies start to die out?
  17. Is there a special reason you do this ceremony along the Missouri river?
  18. What are the “Western” lessons the girls learn?
  19. What is the significance of the red paint?
  20. What do you mean when you say, “They have the right to be painted”?
  21. Is there a special reason this happens in the summer?
  22. In what ways are the girls “different” after the ceremony?
  23. When you say “you can’t be stingy with healing and culture” what do you mean?
  24. What other ceremonies are there in a child’s life?
  25. How were your societies “killed”?
  26. What are the differences between your traditional “schools” that came out of the societies and the “public school” that people attend now?
  27. What is the last ceremony like?
  28. What do you teach about going into the spirit world?
  1. What are the “Cups” in my life?
  2. Am I learning from different cups?
  3. Are those cups in agreement? How do they work together?
  4. What “societies” have I been invited into?
  5. What “societies” have I chosen for myself?
  6. Do I know my purpose in my community?
  7. What gifts and talents do I bring to my community?
  8. Are my gifts and talents recognized within my community?
  9. Do I recognize other community members’ gifts and talents?
  10. What benefit is there in serving in secret?
  11. Are there things I do “secretly”? Why do I keep these things secret?
  12. What happens when we take from nature without giving back?
  13. Do I have an awareness of my own future generations?
  14. What are my or my family’s traumas?
  15. How do they impact me/us now?
  16. When do I/we cry over them?
  17. Are there trauma’s I/we have recovered from? How did I/we do that?
  18. What rites or ceremonies are important in my life?
  19. What is my relationship to what I eat? Is it a healthy one?
  20. Did I every experience a “coming of age” ceremony or experience? What was it?
  21. Do we help young people come of age in a positive way?
  22. Are there any signs or physical markers I have taken on because of some rite of passage?
  23. Have there been important experiences in my life that left me “different” or “changed”?
  24. Do I have traditions that have been “lost” for some reason? Why were they lost? Was it by decision or did it just happen?
  25. How can we become “stingy” with healing or culture? How can we be generous with healing or culture?
  26. How have approaches to school or learning changed? How might it be better? How might it be worse?
  27. What are my traditions or ceremonies around dying?
  28. What do I believe concerning the “spirit world” or the “afterlife”?
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OSEU Four: Gladys Hawk



Learn ABOUT(deep listening, information)
Learn FROM(deep sharing, transformation)
  1. What is kinship?
  2. What does family etiquette look like and how is respect defined by it?
  3. How should things like the problem of incest be addressed today?
  4. What were the camps like of early times?
  1. Who are the people I consider a part of my kinship circle?
  2. How comfortable am I/are we in addressing issues like incest and proper/improper touch?
  3. How do the relationships I have within my family help (and or hinder) my relationships outside of the family?
  4. In what ways do I currently live in a “camp” community of early times?
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OSEU Four: Jace DeCory



Learn ABOUT(deep listening, information)
Learn FROM(deep sharing, transformation)
  1. What does it mean for a human being to be “sacred?”
  2. What’s the connection between kinds of touch and the sacredness of human beings?
  3. Do these ideas about touch come only from your grandmother, or are they widespread concepts among the Oceti Sakowin?
  4. What is “sacred space?”
  5. How is a Lakota name different from regular names?
  6. What is a “Sundance?”
  7. Where and what is Bear Butte? Devil’s Tower? And what are the Lakota names for them?
  8. What is a sweat lodge ceremony?
  9. What does it mean to be “divided?”
  1. Who have been the models in my life that have helped to guide my behavior and who I have become?
  2. How have different “touches” impacted me? “Harsh” touches? “Loving” or “healing” touches?
  3. In what ways do I see myself as sacred? How about others?
  4. What kinds of things do I do in my life that are ceremonial by nature? Why are these kinds of experiences important to who I am/we are?
  5. What places in my life are sacred and why?
  6. In what ways do I feel I become “divided” at times and need to “call back my spirit?”
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OSEU Four: Vernon Ashley



Learn ABOUT(deep listening, information)
Learn FROM(deep sharing, transformation)
  1. What is a kinship system?
  2. How does addressing a person as your relative change your relationship with him or her?
  3. What are some of the common Lakota/Dakota terms for relatives?
  1. What are some ways I have been addressed by special people in my life? How do those special names impact my relationships with them?
  2. What are some special names I have for people in my life? Why do we use those names rather than given names? How does that change my relationship with them?
  3. How does using a “relational” name affect my relationships with others?