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The WoLakota Learning Model reminds us:

  1. Being is placed ahead of all perceived Doings
  2. Listen deeply to a Being to come to know that Being by his or her own definitions
  3. Doings (the naming, the stories, the values, accomplishments, etc. of others) are heard and appreciated as the wisdom of fellow Beings
  4. Sharing deeply the truth of my own Doings (names, stories, values, accomplishments, etc.) comes in response to deep listening and with the goal of mutual understanding


"Seek first to understand, then to be understood." — Stephen R. Covey

"Opening yourself to another worldview will assist you in understanding what occurs both in and outside of native communities." --Lakota Elder Dottie LeBeau

OSEU 2 Song by Elder Earl Bullhead
Wo I ste Olowan wan
A love song (itowapi)

Itowapikile yuha nameaksuyaya he miyeyeyelo heyeyeye
(This picture) (With) (Remembering me) (It’s me)
Since Itowapikile yuha nameaksuye he miyeyelo heyeyeyo
(Brother‐in‐law) (This picture) (Remember me) (It’s me)
Wamayalankinktaye since itowapike le yuha nameaksuyaya
(You will be able to see me) (Brother‐in‐law) (With this picture) (Remember me)
He miyeyelo heyeyeyo
(That’s me)

Free Translation: With this picture always remember me; it is I Brother‐in‐law, with this picture remember me. It will be a long time before you see me again, so every day you will see me. Brother‐ in‐law with this picture remember me, it is me! (E. Bullhead 2012)
(audio recording of song not currently available)

OSEU 2 Elder Audio Interviews



OSEU 2 Elder Video Interviews & Learning Questions
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OSEU Two: David Bald Eagle



Learn ABOUT
(deep listening, information)
Learn FROM
(deep sharing, transformation)
  1. What kinds of laws were brought to the Native people from Europe?
  2. How did these laws affect the Native people?
  3. Why were so many laws needed?
  4. What kept the Europeans from communicating in common, ordinary language?
  1. How have I disobeyed laws or rules in my life? What happened because of it?
  2. What is an example of a law or rule that doesn’t make sense to me?
  3. When have I been in position where I didn’t understand the person I was talking to? What happened?
  4. How do laws help us? How do they hurt us or create problems for us?
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OSEU Two: Stephanie Charging Eagle



Learn ABOUT
(deep listening, information)
Learn FROM
(deep sharing, transformation)
  1. What is the blood quantum?
  2. How are Native people identified by blood quantum?
  3. What is the Oceti Sakowin?
  4. Where is the land of the Oceti Sakowin?
  5. Who is Wakantanka?
  6. Who is Tunkasila?
  7. What are examples of the roles of Native males and females? How are they similar? Different?
  8. What are virtues of the Lakota people?
  9. What is Tiospaye?
  10. What does it mean to be a part of the circle and to be the best part of that circle that I can be?
  1. How would I identify who I am as a person? How would I describe myself?
  2. Do I have land I am tied to in my life? If so, where and how am I tied to it?
  3. What are examples of spiritual figures in my life? How do I relate to others through spirituality?
  4. What are examples of roles that I have in my life? How did I learn those roles?
  5. How have I learned the roles of others in my life?
  6. Who is part of my Tiospaye? How do I connect with these people in my life?
  7. What does it mean to be the very best I can be?
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OSEU Two: Faith Spotted Eagle pt 1 Enrollment



Learn ABOUT
(deep listening, information)
Learn FROM
(deep sharing, transformation)
  1. What is the blood quantum?
  2. What is bloodism?
  3. How is the assigning of a blood quantum number similar to the Concentration Camps of the past?
  4. What is lineal descendency?
  5. How are blood quantum and lineal descendency similar? Different?
  6. How is blood quantum/lineal descendency tied to rights to vote and to land claims?
  1. How would I describe my own “blood quantum” and does it affect how I see myself…my identity?
  2. What does my own lineal desecendency look like?
  3. Are there ancestral roles that I connect to from my own family lineage?
  4. Are there rights or privileges in my life that are determined by my lineal descendency?
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OSEU Two: Faith Spotted Eagle pt 2 Variety



Learn ABOUT
(deep listening, information)
Learn FROM
(deep sharing, transformation)
  1. What does it mean to be full-blood?
  2. How does not having full blood create variety?
  3. What are the ways that Native children are named as soon as they are born?
  4. How does it help them to not forget who they are?
  5. What is resiliency?
  6. What is historic trauma?
  7. What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?
  8. How is trauma continuing to happen?
  9. What ceremony helps individuals to call back their spirits and name the sources of trauma?
  1. How do I relate to the idea of being a full-blood?
  2. How was I named when I was born? Do I know my birth story and family history?
  3. In what ways do I have resiliency in my life?
  4. After learning about some of the traumas that the Native American people have endured, are there things that have happened in my life that have traumatized me? How have I or do I need to deal with this trauma?
  5. Do I lose my spirit at times?
  6. How do I call my spirit back?
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OSEU Two: Faith Spotted Eagle pt 3 Trauma and Resilience



Learn ABOUT
(deep listening, information)
Learn FROM
(deep sharing, transformation)
  1. What is a trauma?
  2. What does it mean for Native people needing to heal?
  3. What does it mean for non-Native people needing to come out of denial?
  4. What are non-Native people in denial of?
  5. What is a treaty?
  6. Why were treaties made?
  7. How did treaties cause land to be taken?
  8. How were Native people displaced? What were the results of that displacement?
  9. How was language taken?
  10. What is a boarding school?
  11. Why were boarding schools created?
  12. What happened in the boarding schools?
  13. What causes layers of trauma to be created within individuals?
  14. Name the sources of the traumas Native people have gone through.
  15. What causes secondary trauma?
  16. How can secondary trauma be avoided?
  17. Why is it that communities are coming out of a 500 year “winter”?
  18. How do alcohol, drugs, and violence sedate people from the traumas they have experienced?
  1. Have I ever experienced a trauma in my life? If so, can I describe it and name it?
  2. What does it take for me to heal from bad things that happen in my life? Have I ever truly healed from something really bad in my life? If so, how did it happen? If I haven’t healed yet, how might it happen?
  3. Have I ever experience denial?
  4. How does denial create bigger problems for me?
  5. Thinking about treaties…Have I ever been a part of something similar? If so, was the agreement kept? What was it like to be in an agreement with someone?
  6. Boarding schools caused individuals to be taken from their families…have I ever been in a situation where I couldn’t be near my family? How long? How did it feel?
  7. What would it be like to not have access to my family?
  8. Have I ever had experiences with drugs, alcohol or violence that have affected me directly? What were the experiences like?
  9. Do I carry problems from my parents or other family members that are not my own? Why are they problems for me?
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OSEU Two: Gladys Hawk



Learn ABOUT
(deep listening, information)
Learn FROM
(deep sharing, transformation)
  1. What is a recognized tribe?
  2. What is enrollment?
  3. What is a Reservation?
  4. What are the Reservations in South Dakota?
  5. What are the tribes within the Reservations?
  6. What is a full-blood or 4/4?
  7. Who are the Sioux people?
  8. Why did many people not want to be called Sioux?
  1. In what ways am I “enrolled” in my life?
  2. What is my experience with Reservations in South Dakota?
  3. What are questions I have about Reservations and enrollment?
  4. How will it help me as a fellow South Dakotan to understand tribes, Reservations, and enrollment within the Reservations?
  5. What are names I have been called from my heritage that I found hurtful? How do I deal with being called those names?
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OSEU Two: Jace DeCory



Learn ABOUT
(deep listening, information)
Learn FROM
(deep sharing, transformation)
  1. What does it mean to be Lakota?
  2. Who are the Oceti Sakowin?
  3. Who are the Seven Council Fires?
  4. How is being from the Oceti Sakowin different from being from a Reservation?
  5. How long have Reservations been around?
  6. What is a Tiospaye?
  7. Why is it important to know who our relatives are?
  8. Why were Native people not allowed to leave the Reservation in the past?
  9. What does it mean to pray?
  1. What is your heritage? What race(s) cultures do you come from?
  2. In what ways have I experienced being limited in where I can go and what I can do?
  3. Who do I consider to be a part of my Tiospaye?
  4. Why is it important to identify my extended family? How does that help me with my identity?
  5. Would my identity change at all without contact with my broader family and background?
  6. What is prayer to me? Why is or isn’t it important to me?